What is Internships Are All About
An internship is essentially an opportunity proffered by the employer of an organization to possible employees, termed interns. These interns work at a company for a short fixed time. Usually, they are students or undergraduates, with most internships lasting anywhere between a week and a year.
Internships, also termed placements can be part or full-time. If students are involved, these placements are typically part-time, when offered through a university semester. It is full-time when offered at the time of Easter, winter or summer holidays, usually lasting for about 4 to12 weeks. Placements remain full-time as a rule, and occur whether holiday or term time.
The Internship Experience
Internships impart practical experience in the company that is related to their respective field of study, for a certain period of time. This offers them invaluable experience of their field of study applied in a real world situation. This actual work experience becomes extremely attractive to possible employers when mentioned in a candidate’s CV. Here, unlike traditional employment, the emphasis is on training, instead of employment itself.
Why Companies Have Internships?
An internship offers an excellent opportunity for potential employees to obtain experience in a special industry or field. This will offer the interns to find out whether they are interested in some particular career, achieve university module credits as well as build a network of useful contacts. They also stand the chance of applying for any approaching opportunities to do paid work, while on internship.
Employees find it very attractive to hire ex-interns after their graduation as such graduates already have knowledge of the working of the company as well as the job that they’ll be doing. Besides, ex-interns need no training.
An internship can be paid, partially paid or unpaid. Paid internships mainly occur in legal firms, engineering, technology, science, accounting and finance, advertising, and medical sectors. As to internships in the field of media such as TV, print as also non-profit organizations remain often unpaid.
The most sought after professions are TV and politics. Here employers generally require that graduate-level interns should go through a term of unpaid “work experience,” prior to obtain paid work. Actually, this kind of work experience is otherwise known as unpaid work and goes against the federal minimum wage laws, if not paid. However, so great is the demand for such types of work that hardly any complaints are made against this. Thus this practice continues, although quite illegal.
A research or dissertation internship is generally taken up by students who are in their final semester of academic study. In the case of such an internship, a candidate conducts research for a company. A company hires an intern because they wanted to improve something such as a manufacturing process or product. Often the student is allowed to opt for a topic that is related to the company’s activities. The results of such research should be gathered into a formal report, and handed over the company, as well as the university where the intern is a student.